Friday, 25 September 2020, 16:35:16
Kazakhstan is rich in fish resources. It is the fish industry that can play a special role in the economic development of the country. A lot of work has been done in this industry lately. And today, thanks to the initiatives taken by the Government, the fish industry is developing quite successfully. In August 2020, the Head of State pointed out the need to develop the existing capabilities and instructed to improve and approve regional programs for the development of fisheries by November 2020. Read about the current state and prospects for the development of the fishing industry, as well as the implementation of the president's instructions in the review material.
Kazakhstan, due to its rich and unique nature, has a rather powerful fishery fund. There is a high export potential in this direction.
The main activities of the fishing industry are fishing, fish farming and fish processing.
The total volume of the fish and fish products market in the country in 2019 amounted to about 66 thousand tons. Of these, fishing accounts for 45 thousand tons, fish farming — 7.4 thousand tons, imports — 43.5 thousand tons, exports — 30 thousand tons.
Kazakhstan imports ocean fish and seafood. These are herring, mackerel, shrimp, mussels and so on. Imports are from Norway, Russia, Iceland, China and the Baltic countries.
In turn, Kazakhstan annually exports 30 thousand tons of fish products worth about $60 million to 36 countries of the near and far abroad.
Mainly exported items include fish fillets, dried-smoked products and frozen fish carcasses. For example, pike perch fillet is a Kazakh brand in the countries of the European Union (Germany, the Netherlands), dried-smoked products are exported to Russia, Ukraine, Lithuania, China and other countries. At the same time, there are large potential export markets next to us.
Kazakhstan is characterized by low per capita fish consumption. So, if the WHO recommends to consume at least 16 kg of fish products per year per person, then in Kazakhstan this figure is less than 4 kg. In turn, in neighboring Russia and China, 20-40 kg are consumed per person, respectively. Thus, taking into account the border areas, the potential niche for the export of fish products could be more than 3 million tons.
Today in Kazakhstan there are more than 1,000 fisheries entities, which are assigned 1,646 fishery reservoirs and their sections. The industry employs over 11 thousand people. In 2019, 45 thousand tons of fish were caught.
The main fishery centers are in the Atyrau, Almaty, East Kazakhstan and Kyzylorda regions.
Aquaculture — modern driver for development of fishing industry all over the world
Everyone knows that the exploitation of fish stocks in natural reservoirs has its limits, while in many reservoirs there is a decrease in fish resources. The Chair of the board of the Research and Production Center of Fisheries LLP K. Isbekov believes that the only alternative to increasing fish production is the development of aquaculture.
“Theoretically, the potential of the fishery can reach 600 thousand tons, while the main share — more than 80% — falls on the water area of the middle Caspian Sea of the Mangystau region, where the Caspian salmon and sturgeon species can be grown using cage culture technology, thereby we would not only raise export potential, but would also carry out import substitution (Atlantic salmon-Norwegian salmon),” Isbekov said.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, aquaculture is the fastest growing area of animal protein production in the world.
So, if 60 years ago the world volume of fish farmed was only 1 million tons, today this figure has exceeded 82 million tons. At the same time, in the last 25 years alone, the volume of aquaculture has grown by 67 million tons, or 450%, while the volume of fishing is at a stable level.
Kazakhstan also has great potential for the development of fish farming. Over the past 7 years, the volume of farmed fish has increased 9 times — from 800 tons to 7.4 thousand tons.
Fish farming in the country is carried out by 180 fish farms, where more than 1 thousand (1,126) people are employed. Farms for artificial cultivation should increase many times, in order to reach the WHO recommended consumption rate of 16 kg per capita, it is necessary to grow about 300 thousand tons.
The leader in artificial fish farming is the Turkistan region with a volume of 5 thousand tons (68.7%), the Almaty region — about 1,000 tons (12.8%), the North Kazakhstan region — 380 tons and the East Kazakhstan region — about 300 tons.
What issues of fishing industry need to be addressed?
In February 2020, at a meeting on the development of fish industry in Atyrau, Prime Minister Askar Mamin gave a number of instructions aimed at identifying the main barriers hindering the development of the industry. The ministry, together with business, have worked out these instructions and identified three blocks of issues that need to be focused on. These are the reorientation of water bodies from fishing to fish farming, imperfect legislation and insufficient government support measures.
First. Having studied the reservoirs used only for commercial fishing, promising reservoirs for fish farming were identified, in which, according to expert estimates, it is possible to grow up to 600 thousand tons of fish per year. On this basis, the Fish Farming Zoning Scheme has been developed. For example, in the Turkistan region on Shardara there is a potential for growing carp and sturgeon fish species; in the East Kazakhstan region in the Ust-Kamenogorsk and Bukhtarma reservoirs, it is possible to grow trout, whitefish species; in the Almaty region in the Bartogay and Kapshagay reservoirs and Lake Balkhash — trout, carp fish species; in the North Kazakhstan, Kostanay, Akmola regions — whitefish and carp fish species, in the Mangystau region on the Caspian Sea — salmon and sturgeon; Kyzylorda region on the Aral Sea — carp species.
Along with this, all regions can develop other areas of fish farming, for example, using closed water supply installations, as well as the development of pond and basin farms.
Just recently, the Research and Production Center for Fisheries has developed standard fish farming projects. This will allow the business to choose the appropriate type of farm, determine the type of fish, taking into account financial capabilities.
Second. Having analyzed the current legislation, the ministry identified the following main problems.
- Ban on the construction of fish farms and structures in the water protection zone.
- 2. Overpayment for water consumption when raising fish, that is, fish farmers pay for the entire volume of water taken, while the bulk of the water is returned back. Therefore, only evaporation and filtration losses need to be paid.
- Low share (49%) of consolidation of local water bodies.
- The need to develop design and estimate documentation and undergo state expertise for the construction of ponds and fish-breeding basins.
- The need to compensate for losses during the construction of fish farms on agricultural land (today only fish hatcheries are exempt from compensation for losses).
The ministry has worked out the codes, as well as included the Laws "On the Protection, Reproduction and Use of the Animal World", "On Architectural, Urban Planning and Construction Activities» in the relevant bill. The amendments are being coordinated with the interested state bodies and will be submitted to the Parliament in autumn.
In a number of countries where aquaculture is developing successfully, there is a separate law regulating relations in the field of artificial fish farming. Therefore, the ministry considers it expedient to develop a Law “On Aquaculture”.
Third. The development of fish farming is constrained by the lack of government support measures. Today, government support measures exist for feed, machinery and equipment for fish hatcheries and lakeside fish farms.
However, often akimats allocate funds for subsidizing fish farming on a leftover basis, motivating that fish farming is not a priority.
“According to the analysis, at the end of 2019, 407 million tenge of subsidies were allocated for fish feed. 81.5% of the total amount of subsidies or 332 million tenge was given by the Turkistan region. As was noted earlier, this region is the leader in fish production. In other words, this suggests that the development of the fishing industry is directly dependent on the volume of subsidies allocated. Therefore, we ask to increase the volume of transfers to the regions to subsidize fish farming,” said Minister of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources Magzum Mirzagaliyev at one of the government sessions.
In this regard, the ministry worked out the issue of expanding the existing measures of state support with additional subsidies.
First. Inclusion of new types of subsidies. These are subsidies of up to 50% of the cost of fish breeding and biological justification, the acquisition of fish stock, the cost of purchasing and maintaining replacement stocks of valuable fish species, etc.
Second. Reimbursement of part of the costs of creating and expanding a cage fish farm, a fish farm with a closed water supply cycle, as well as processing complexes.
These proposals were supported by the Ministry of Agriculture and regional akimats.
Thus, taking into account the available water resources, there is a potential for an increase in the volume of fish farming up to 600 thousand tons, the volume of exports can be increased 10 times, attract about 500 billion tenge of private investment, tax revenues to the budget can amount to about 28 billion tenge per year.
In addition, this will contribute to the creation of at least 100 thousand additional jobs and an increase in the income of the population, mainly in rural areas.
For a comprehensive solution of problematic issues, the Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources will continue systematic work on the development of fisheries.
Implementing program for subsidizing feed
Ministry of Agriculture for the purpose of state support for the development of aquaculture, since 2018, a budget program has been implemented to subsidize feed for the cultivation of commercial fish.
Priority fish species are subsidized: carp, sturgeon, salmon. The program is being implemented at the expense of local budgets. This year, 430 million tenge is provided for support. As of Sep. 1, 2020, subsidies were paid in the amount of 350.4 million tenge (development of 79%). Subsidies covered 27 farms.
In addition, on the basis of proposals from business and NCE Atameken, on Aug. 4, 2020, the Ministry of Agriculture approved an order on amendments and additions to the rules for subsidizing investments. According to the additions, subsidies are provided for up to 25% of the cost of construction of closed water supply devices with a capacity of 20 tons and cage farms with a capacity of 40 tons for growing marketable fish.
In addition, within the framework of the current rules, subsidies are provided for up to 25% of the cost of equipment and machinery for lakeside farms. In 2019, 6 farms were subsidized in the amount of 450.1 million tenge.
In addition, the Akimat of Zhambyl region provides for the allocation of additional funds in the amount of 10 million tenge.
Over the past 10 years, 13 fish farming projects have been financed for 13.9 billion tenge with a total production capacity of 3.26 thousand tons of fish products.
In particular, this year a project for the construction of a closed-type fish-breeding complex for raising trout with a capacity of 500 tons per year in the Akmola region was approved with the involvement of the American company AGCO Corporation. The first tranche for financing has already been allocated.
The construction of a fish farming project of LLP Murager-2 with a capacity of 1,500 tons per year in the Aktobe region is underway. Construction work is 75% complete. The project is financed within the framework of the Economy of Simple Things program.
The Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan is currently considering expanding the list of subsidized fish species with the inclusion of catfish and coregonid fish species in the list for subsidizing feed.
Programs for development of fishing industry under KazAgro
The Agrarian Credit Corporation JSC told about the current and ongoing programs for the development of the fishing industry.
Subsidiaries of JSC Holding KazAgro financed the implementation of 15 projects for fish breeding and processing. Most of these projects are located in Atyrau, East Kazakhstan and Almaty regions.
This year in the Turkistan region it is planned to launch a project for the production of fish Komesh Balyk with a capacity of 900 tons of products. Also in Akmola region will be put into operation a project of the company TAGA GROUP with a capacity of 500 tons.
The total cost of 15 financed projects is 14.4 billion tenge. Including the volume of lending is about 8 billion tenge.
The total production capacity of the projects exceeds 4 thousand tons, including processing of 1.9 thousand tons.
Fish products are sold in the domestic and foreign markets. In 2019, 743 tons of products were exported.
Most of the funded projects use closed loop water technology (9 out of 15 projects). At the same time, the main volume of investments (9.4 billion tenge or 65% of the cost of all projects) is for the production of sturgeon fish and caviar.
Currently, the main operator for financing commercial fish farming is the Agrarian Credit Corporation.
Loans are issued for the purchase of equipment, construction, installation and commissioning. Also to replenish working capital.
Loans can be provided for the following purposes:
- lakes and cultivation of pasture aquaculture;
- development of pond farms;
- creation of small cage farms;
- fish production based on closed water supply installations;
- fish processing and production of various types of fish products.
The equipment and technologies are selected by the borrowers themselves.
A loan for the development of fisheries is provided under two programs — Agribusiness and the Economy of Simple Things.
The maximum loan term for these programs is up to 10 years.
The remuneration rate under the Agribusiness program is 6% at the expense of the National Fund. The interest rate on loans from the republican budget is 8%. Grace period up to 2 years.
Loans are issued directly and through a system of credit partnerships. In addition, it provides for the possibility of funding second-tier banks for further lending to borrowers.
Under the Economy of Simple Things program, the loan rate is 15%, it is subsidized. When receiving a loan for the purchase of fixed assets and construction for the final borrower, the interest rate is 5%. The interest rate on a loan to replenish working capital is 6%. The grace period is one third of the loan term. Loans are provided to the borrower directly, as well as through credit partnerships.
Detailed consulting services on credit products are provided in the branches of the Agrarian Credit Corporation located in all regions of the republic.
East Kazakhstan — a region rich in fish resources
The East Kazakhstan region can be called the most fishy region of the country. In the region, on large water bodies, there are 59 commercial and 97 small fishery sites. The annual catch is about 10 thousand tons of fish for 12 main commercial fish species. This year, the catch limit has been increased to 10.2 thousand tons. The largest catch, up to 93%, falls on Lake Zaysan and the Bukhtarma reservoir.
In order to preserve fish stocks in the natural environment, over the past 4 years, the volume of stocking has increased 2.5 times.
The main direction of development of the fish industry in the region is aquaculture (artificial fish farming). Three projects have been successfully implemented. Two are engaged in trout farming (ShygysUniversal LLP, GrandFish LLP) and one — sturgeon (OstFish LLP).
In 2019, 186 tons of valuable fish species were grown (170 tons of trout, 16 tons of sturgeon), this year — up to 325 tons (300 tons of trout, 25 tons of sturgeon).
A vertically integrated enterprise for the processing of raw materials (LLP TPO AS) was created to sell the manufactured products.
There are 17 reservoirs (ponds, lakes) for the development of commercial lake fish farming.
A lake economy (LLP Reproductive Center of Fish Resources) and a processor (LLP Tore-Togam) in the Kurchum region have also been successfully integrated.
A draft master plan for the region was developed in accordance with the local climatic and geographical conditions. By 2030, it is planned to annually receive about 4 thousand tons of marketable fish. Including 3,600 tons — due to the expansion of existing (2 sections) and the creation of new cage lines (7 sections), 45 tons — due to the achievement of the design capacity of the industrial economy (LLP OstFish), 362 tons — due to the expansion of existing (8 reservoirs) and the creation of new lakes (9 reservoirs).
To implement the plans, water bodies and plots will be assigned to potential investors (competition), subsidies will be allocated to existing farms to reimburse part of the cost of feed.
Vyacheslav Asanov, head of ShygysUniversal LLP, spoke about the activities of one of the cage farms in the East Kazakhstan region.
ShygysUniversal LLP is a producer of commercial fish — rainbow trout — by the cage method at the Ust-Kamenogorsk reservoir. The design capacity of the production is 1,000 tons per year, which is planned to be reached in 2030. At the end of this year, it is expected to receive 200 tons of fish.
“Today we have a cage line with an area of 4,600 square meters (36 cages), an incubation shop, a fry shop, ponds, a shop for processing fish products from shock freezing to smoking. We process all grown fish ourselves. Thanks to the state grant that we received two years ago, we are working on the creation of a broodstock for obtaining fertilized eggs and our own planting material,” Asanov informed.
In 2020, the enterprise managed to obtain its own fry for 10% of the annual needs of the enterprise. According to the head of the enterprise, in the process of development, they encountered difficulties that pushed them to develop and expand their directions.
“Having concluded an agreement on fish farming in the reservoir, we also received an obligation to stock it. In our case, these are whitefish breeds, one of the most expensive planting materials that can be purchased only in Russia. This circumstance pushed us to the production of peled and ripus larvae on the basis of the hatchery. This year we managed to stock fish not only our reservoir, but also several other customers,” Asanov said.
The lack of specialized equipment for fish farming in the Kazakhstan market made the management of the enterprise think about its production. Thus, they independently began to produce fry baths, live fish tanks, pontoons for cages, feed dispensers, machines for sorting live fish, self-propelled pontoons for servicing the cage line, washing machines for cages.
“We have solved these difficulties. In general, having studied the experience of foreign countries and adapting them to our natural and climatic conditions, we managed to achieve some success in establishing the first pilot cage enterprises in the region,” Asanov said.
At the same time, Asanov is confident that in the next 10 years aquaculture will become one of the locomotives of the economy of Kazakhstan. For this we have rich reservoirs for growing fish, and an empty domestic market, as well as neighboring states where fish products prevail in the food culture. And this is a great potential for export.
Many reservoirs — a lot of fish
In the North Kazakhstan region there are almost half of the country's lakes. There are 26 fish farms operating on the territory of the region, operating on 52 reservoirs, fixed in the form of a lake-commercial fish farm. 69 people are employed.
The largest fish farms on the territory of the region are NPTs RH Petroforel LLP, Ukhov AN IP, Vodoley 2017 LLP, Blinov Farm, JSC NC SEC Soltustik. These enterprises provide fresh marketable fish to the region, neighboring regions, as well as export to the Russian Federation. They receive a veterinary certificate for the export of fish every year.
The advantage of fish farms LLP NPT RH Petroforel and FE Ukhov AN is the implementation of the cycle from the reproduction of fish stock to the cultivation of marketable fish.
Work on the reproduction and cultivation of commercial fish is carried out by specialists in the field of fisheries. Fishing resources are caught using modern fishing gear. For freezing, storage and sale of fish products, the above enterprises have refrigeration equipment.
In 2019, 1,241 tons of fish were caught. Of these, fisheries — 386 tons of fish. For 8 months of this year, the catch amounted to 340 tons. Export of fish for the same period amounted to 130 tons.
In order to combat the shadow circulation of fish products, joint raids are carried out on an ongoing basis with all interested authorities (environmental prosecutor's office, police, veterinary services, forestry and wildlife inspection and natural resources management) in fishery reservoirs, at traffic police posts, etc.
In order to attract investments, local executive bodies hold seminars at the district and regional levels to explain the measures of state support in the fishing industry.
Today, negotiations are underway with a potential investor (JSC Alagium) on the construction of a modern fish processing enterprise on the territory of the region.
How fishing revived in Aral Sea region
Thanks to the historic decision of the First President - Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev, the northern part of the Aral Sea was restored, thousands of fishermen returned to the fishing of their grandfathers. The Founder of SEC Kyzylorda Balyk LLP Amanbay Yerkhatov spoke about how the fish industry is developing in the region today.
“I am one of the Aral Sea fishermen. He began his activity in the field of fisheries with the opening in Aralsk of a small peasant fishing farm. Since then, thanks to government support, I opened a fish processing plant and service-procurement centers for receiving fish in Kyzylorda region, equipped with modern equipment,” he said.
Today in the Kyzylorda region there are 9 fish processing plants with a capacity of 12.5 thousand tons per year. In four of them Eurocodes have been introduced, confirming compliance with European quality standards.
Due to the high quality of the Aral fish and the corresponding demand for it on the market, today the products are actively exported.
Despite the fact that 7-8 thousand tons of fish are caught annually in the region, there are not enough raw materials at fish processing plants.
In accordance with the instructions of the prime minister for the further development of the fish industry in the Atyrau region, SEC Kyzylorda Balyk LLP plans to create a commercial fish farm.
“Two weeks ago, together with fellow entrepreneurs in the field of fisheries, we got acquainted with the work on the cultivation of marketable fish in the Turkistan region, exchanged experience. We are interested in the positive experience of the Turkistan region in fish farming and are ready to introduce it in the region,” said Erkhatov.
Turkistan region increases export of fish products
Another region rich in fish is Turkestan. Commercial fish farming (aquaculture) is especially developed here. The region is in first place in terms of the volume of fish farmed.
In the region, the number of lakes suitable for growing marketable fish is 134, the total area is 25,475 hectares. Of these, 23 water bodies of local importance were transferred to nature users for fishery purposes, and 21 water bodies of local importance were additionally submitted for competition.
Today, 68 enterprises with an annual capacity of more than 8 thousand tons are engaged in fish farming in the region. Of these, 3 large enterprises operate: SEC Khamit of the Shardara region, LLP Komesh Balyk in the Sairam region, LLP FIRST FISH COMPANY in the Tyulkubas region.
One of the large enterprises based on the SEC Khamit is the processing of fish fillets, dried and salted fish in accordance with the requirements of the exporting country. In addition, in order to ensure waste-free production, the workshops for the preparation of ground feed from fish bones have been reconstructed and fully operational.
In the current year, a large plant of Komesh Balyk LLP was launched in the region for the production of compound feed with a capacity of 5 tons per hour, developed according to modern technology in China.
FIRST FISH COMPANY LLP grows valuable fish breeds (sturgeon, trout) on a closed-loop water system (RAS). The construction of the plant was built using Danish technology and is fully automated.
To stimulate agricultural producers with modern technologies, this year a passport for the new project “Creation and expansion of a fish breeding facility with a closed cycle of water supply for growing from 20 tons of marketable fish per year or the purchase of equipment for creating a fish farm using a cage line for the production of 40 tons of marketable fish in year ”, according to the passport 25% of the investment is reimbursed.
As part of a joint event with the Turkestan Regional Territorial Inspectorate of Forestry and Wildlife and law enforcement agencies, 154 administrative cases have been identified for violations of the requirements of the Fishing Rules since the beginning of the year. On them, 154 individuals were imposed fines in the amount of 2,408 tenge, including 2,089 tenge were collected from 143 individuals.
In addition, the export of fish products is increasing. In particular, in 2019, 3,156 tons of fish products were exported to Azerbaijan, Georgia, Israel, Russia, China, Uzbekistan. For 8 months of 2020, 1,690 tons of products were exported.
The budget program for subsidizing 30% of the costs from the state for the purchase of feed used in the fishery has a positive impact on the development of this industry.
In 2019, 332 million tenge was allocated from the local budget, 2,858 tons of feed were subsidized and 1,229 tons of marketable fish were produced. Of these, 26.7 tons of sturgeon, 145.1 tons of salmon and 1,057.2 tons of carp were produced.
In 2020, 350 million tenge were allocated, 5,739 tons of feed were subsidized, 1,540 tons of fish were produced in 8 months, or increased by 25%, respectively, tax revenues amounted to 45.2 million tenge, which is 3 times more than last year. Of these, 30 tons of sturgeon, 75.9 tons of salmon and 1,434 tons of carp were produced.
Chair of the Board of SEC Khamit B. Sermanizov told in more detail about the activities of the cooperative.
The main activities of the SPK are fishing, fish farming, fish processing and its sale.
To date, the organization constantly employs 250 people, the average salary is 150 thousand tenge.
In 2010, the company introduced international standards ISO 9001-2000 and food safety standard ISO 22000-2005. In 2011, the company was assigned the EuroNumber, which gave the right to export fish to the countries of the European Union.
Today, the production capacity of the plant allows processing 6 thousand tons of raw materials per year. The assortment includes live fish, frozen, dried, smoked fish products and fish meal. All products manufactured by the company are in high demand in the domestic market, and are also exported to the countries of the European Union, Russia, Ukraine, Israel, USA, China. 75% of all manufactured products are exported abroad. Due to competitiveness and high quality, constant sales of products are ensured.
In 2019, 1,700 tons of products were produced, including 950 tons of fillets, 450 tons of salted-smoked fish products, 300 tons of fish meal. In 2019, 1,300 tons of fish products were exported.
The company pays taxes annually for about 130 million tenge.
For the production, raw materials obtained from the Shardara reservoir are used, in addition, raw materials are purchased from Kazakhstani fishery organizations (Caspian Sea, Aral, Zaisan), and also imported from the territory of Russia. At the same time, there is still a shortage of raw materials for the full capacity utilization.
“In this regard, we have been engaged in fish farming since 2015 to provide the plant with raw materials. The company carries out a full cycle of fish reproduction, from obtaining larvae in the hatchery to raising marketable fish. In 2015, we purchased cages from Turkey in the amount of $60,000 and launched a project for cage farming of fish at the Shardara reservoir,” Sermanizov said.
Currently, the production capacity of the cages is 350 tons of fish per year, where carp, sturgeon and African catfish are reared.
In 2019, 150 tons of marketable fish were raised in cages and sold live in Almaty and Shymkent.
In addition, in March 2020, a pond farm project was launched along the Kyzylkum Canal, with a design capacity of 24 million larvae and 2 million fingerlings.
It is also planned to carry out artificial reproduction of commercial fish species, such as roach, sabrefish, shemaya, bream, roach and pike perch, with the aim of further stocking the reservoir.
In addition, a project is being developed to grow tilapia and African catfish in cages and recirculating water systems with a design capacity of 200 tons per year.
The company pays great attention to the development of aquaculture, systematically creates a cluster that includes all the elements of a full-system fish farm, feed production and the organization of branded retail outlets.
In 2020, SEC Hamit took over the trust management of college №16, located in the city of Shardara. The college annually graduates from 50 to 70 students in the specialties: fish farmer, fish processor and fisherman. The enterprise is a practical production base for students.
At the same time, on the basis of the college, we plan to open a Center for training in fish farming for everyone who wants to engage in fish farming.
Taking into account the long growing season in the Shardara district of the Turkistan region, it is possible to increase the volume of commercial fish farming up to 10 thousand tons. On the Shardara reservoir — 5 thousand tons, as well as artificial ponds along the Kyzylkum canal on saline soils, rice paddies and other lakes — 5 thousand tons.
To achieve the set goals, SEC Khamit plans to take the following measures:
- mass attraction and training of farmers and local population in the basics of aquaculture;
- provision and supply of fish seed and feed to local fish farms;
- organization of the sale of marketable fish.